The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is concerned about the fallout of the Supreme Court order on telecom dues and is watching developments in the industry closely, a senior official aware of the matter said.
The central bank is worried that further tariff hikes, as sought by telecom operators, could be inflationary, a concern it raised in December too when telcos upped tariffs for the first time in over a decade. Another concern is the impact of the court order on banks, which have substantial exposure to telecom companies. A collapse of an operator will add to lenders’ bad loan pile.
“The government is working on a potential rescue plan for the sector and is likely to consider RBI’s request,” the person said.
To ease the burden on telcos, RBI requested the government to allow telecom companies to stagger their payment of dues to the government over the next two-three years. “RBI had written to the government two-three months ago seeking relief for the telecom companies,” the person said.
RBI’s monetary policy committee had also cautioned about the impact of tariff hikes on inflation. “Meanwhile, adjustments to telecom charges are imparting cost-push pressures to CPI (Consumer Price Index) inflation excluding food and fuel,” it said.
Fears over fresh tariff hikes have resurfaced after the apex court pulled up Bharti Airtel Ltd, Vodafone Idea Ltd as well as government officials for failing to comply with its October verdict directing telecom operators to pay an estimated ₹1.4 trillion in spectrum usage and licence fee dues to the government.
The order dealt a blow to the industry, which argued that adjusted gross revenue should only include revenue from core telecom operations.
Vodafone Idea is the worst hit by the verdict, with the top court directing it to pay an estimated ₹50,000 crore in dues. It has so far paid ₹3,500 crore.
RBI’s fears over the court order also stems from banks’ large exposure to the telecom sector. According to a 25 February Credit Suisse note, banks have 1-2.5% funded exposure to the telecom sector and 1.5-3% as non-fund exposure. Exposure to Vodafone Idea for some of the larger banks is at 2-12% of their net worth.
State Bank of India has the largest exposure at ₹11,200 crore, Yes Bank at ₹4,200 crore and IndusInd Bank at ₹3,400 crore, according to Macquarie’s February report.